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问题

CONVERSANT:

A.pedantic

B.feeble

C.propitious

D.ignorant

E.speaking

参考答案
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  • CHARY:

    A.dirty

    B.aloof

    C.quick

    D.miserly

    E.brave

  • SOMATIC:

    A.senseless

    B.manual

    C.spiritual

    D.single

    E.stressful

  • According to the passage, the dynamics of small group economies differ from those of large group economies in that

    A.the members of small groups tend to have a greater degree of social regularity than the members of large groups

    B.people in small groups carry an advantage in the arena of exchange because they are tied by social obligation

    C.the manufacturer of a commodity in a small group economy is more likely to be known by the members of the group

    D.the people who contribute to the production of a gift are less essential to small groups than those who exchange commodities are in large groups

    E.a system of social obligation diminishes the number of parties necessary to a gift-giving transaction

  • Economics can render service in the area of exchange, but its tools find less

    purpose when applied to paradigms dominated by alternative models of

    transactions and social relationships. In small groups gift-giving is substituted

    for the role of exchange, which entails obligation: people receiving gifts are

    (5) expected to reciprocate in the future and this reciprocity binds small groups

    together, whereas exchange rarely does so. Two people exchange only when

    both benefit, neither incurring a social obligation as a result, and where social

    obligations exist, exchange may not work well. Exchange nevertheless allows

    for extremely complex interactions among strangers: when employing a

    (10) product, a consumer benefits from the efforts of hundreds of anonymous people

    who have contributed to that commodity. Such analysis also has its limits in the

    case of an area such as government, for economics seeks regularities in social

    life, which are more likely to occur when no one individual has an appreciable

    effect on the group.

    Which of the following might serve as the most appropriate title for the passage?

    A.Small Groups and Governments, A Comparison of Two Economic Methods

    B.Social Obligation and the Consumer:A Case Study

    C.Regular vs. Irregular Systems in Economics

    D.The Comparative Strength of Economics in Various Areas

    E.The Triumph of Analysis in Economic Theory

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