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问题

The benefits of giving up smoking include all thefollowing EXCEPT

A.theformation of a good habit.

B.thereduction of expenses.

C.thereduction of harm to one’s health.

D.easier access to institutions that bansmoking.

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    WhenOurWordsCollide

    “Wannabuyabody?”ThatwastheopeninglineofmorethanafewphonecallsIgotfromfreelance(自由职业)photographerswhenIwasaphotoeditoratU.S.News.Likemanyinthemainstreampress,Iwantedtoseparatetheworldofphotographersinto“them”,whotradeinpictureofbodiesorchasecelebrities,and“us”,theseriousnewspeople.Butafter16yearsinthatrole.Icametowonderwhetherthetwoworldswereeasilydistinguishable.

    Workinginthereputableworldofjournalism,Iassignedphotographerstocoverotherpeople’snightmares.Ijustifiedinvadingmomentsofgrief,undertheguise(借口)ofthereader‘srighttoknow.Ididn’taskphotographerstotrespass(冒犯)ortostalk(跟踪),butIdidn’thaveto:Iworkedwithpros(同行)whodidwhatothersdid:talkingtheirwayintosituationsorshootingfrombehindpolicelinestogetpicturesIwasafter.AndIwasn’talone.

    Intheaftermathofacarcrashorsomeotherhideousincidentwhenordinarypeoplearehurtorkilled,yourarelyseephotographerspushingpastrescueworkerstocapturethebloodandgore(血雨腥风).Butyouarelikelytoseethelocalnewspaperandtelevisionphotographersonthescene-andfast.

    Howcanwejustifyourbehavior?Journalistsaretaughttoseparatedoingthejobfromworryingabouttheconsequenceofpublishingwhattheyrecord.Repeatedly,theyareremindedofanews-businessdictum(格言):leaveyourconscienceintheoffice.Yougetthepictureofthefootage:thedecisionwhethertoprintorairitcomeslater.Avictimmayliebleeding,unconscious,ordead:yourjobistorecordtheimage.Youputawayyouremotionsanddocumentthescene.

    Weactthiswaypartlybecauseweknowthatthepicturescanhaveimportantmeaning.Photographscanchangedeplorable(凄惨的)situationsbymobilizingpublicoutrageorincreasepublicunderstanding.

    However,disastrouseventsoftenbringouttheworstinphotographersandphotoeditors.Inthefirstminutesandhoursafteradisasteroccurs,photoagenciesbuypictures.Oftenanagencybuysapicturefromalocalnewspaperoranamateurphotographerandputitupforbidbymajormagazines.Themostkeenlysought“exclusives”commandtensofthousandsofdollarsthroughbiddingcontests.

    Manypeoplebelievethatjournalistsneedtochangethewaytheydothings,andit’sourpicturesthatannoypeoplethemost.Readersmaynotbelieve,aswedo,thatthereisadistinctionbetweensober-minded“us”andsleazy(低级庸俗的)“them”.Intoomanycases,byourchoicesofimagesaswellashowwegetthem,weproveourreadersright.

    Editors sometimes have to pay a lot of money for exclusive pictures.

    A.Right

    B.Wrong

    C.Not mentioned

  • 阅读判断:下面的短文后列出了7个句子,请根据短文的内容对每个句子作出判断:如果该句提供的是正确信息,请选择A;如果该句提供的是错误信息,请选择B;如果该句的信息文中没有提及,请选择C。

    WhenOurWordsCollide

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    Workinginthereputableworldofjournalism,Iassignedphotographerstocoverotherpeople’snightmares.Ijustifiedinvadingmomentsofgrief,undertheguise(借口)ofthereader‘srighttoknow.Ididn’taskphotographerstotrespass(冒犯)ortostalk(跟踪),butIdidn’thaveto:Iworkedwithpros(同行)whodidwhatothersdid:talkingtheirwayintosituationsorshootingfrombehindpolicelinestogetpicturesIwasafter.AndIwasn’talone.

    Intheaftermathofacarcrashorsomeotherhideousincidentwhenordinarypeoplearehurtorkilled,yourarelyseephotographerspushingpastrescueworkerstocapturethebloodandgore(血雨腥风).Butyouarelikelytoseethelocalnewspaperandtelevisionphotographersonthescene-andfast.

    Howcanwejustifyourbehavior?Journalistsaretaughttoseparatedoingthejobfromworryingabouttheconsequenceofpublishingwhattheyrecord.Repeatedly,theyareremindedofanews-businessdictum(格言):leaveyourconscienceintheoffice.Yougetthepictureofthefootage:thedecisionwhethertoprintorairitcomeslater.Avictimmayliebleeding,unconscious,ordead:yourjobistorecordtheimage.Youputawayyouremotionsanddocumentthescene.

    Weactthiswaypartlybecauseweknowthatthepicturescanhaveimportantmeaning.Photographscanchangedeplorable(凄惨的)situationsbymobilizingpublicoutrageorincreasepublicunderstanding.

    However,disastrouseventsoftenbringouttheworstinphotographersandphotoeditors.Inthefirstminutesandhoursafteradisasteroccurs,photoagenciesbuypictures.Oftenanagencybuysapicturefromalocalnewspaperoranamateurphotographerandputitupforbidbymajormagazines.Themostkeenlysought“exclusives”commandtensofthousandsofdollarsthroughbiddingcontests.

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    Many people say that they are annoyed by the U.S. News pictures.

    A.Right

    B.Wrong

    C.Not mentioned

  • 概括大意与完成句子:

    TheStoryteller

    1.StevenSpielberghasalwayshadonegoal:totellasmanygreatstoriestoasmanypeopleaswilllisten.Andthat’swhathehasalwaysbeenabout.Thesonofacomputerscientistandapianist,SpielbergspenthisearlychildhoodinNewJerseyand,later,Arizona.Fromtheverybeginning,hisfertileimaginationfilledhisyoungmindwithimagesthatwouldlaterinspirehisfilmmaking.

    2.Evendecadeslater,Spielbergsayshehasclearmemoriesofhisearliestyears,whicharetheoriginsofsomeofhisbiggesthits.HebelievesthatE.T.istheresultofthedifficultyearsleadinguptohisparent’s1966divorce,“Itisreallyaboutayoungboywhowasinsearchofsomestabilityinhislife.”“Hewasscaredofjustabouteverything,”recallshismother,LeahAdler.“Whentreesbrushedagainstthehouse,hewouldheadintomybed.Andthat’sjustthekindofscarystuffhewouldputinfilmslikePoltergeist.”

    3.Spielbergwas11whenhefirstgothishandsonhisdad’smoviecameraandbeganshootingshortflicksaboutflyingsaucersandWorldWarιιbattles.Spielberg’stalentforscarystorytellingenabledhimtomakefriends.OnBoyScoutcampingtrips,whennightfell,Spielbergbecamethecenterofattention.“Stevenwouldstarttellinghisghoststories,”saysRichardY.HoffmanJr.,leaderofTroop294,“andeveryonewouldsuddenlygetquietsothattheycouldallhearit.”

    4.SpielbergmovedtoCaliforniawithhisfatherandwenttohighschoolthere,buthisgradesweresobadthathebarelygraduated.BothUCLAandUSCfilmschoolsrejectedhim,soheenteredCaliforniaStateUniversityatLongBeachbecauseitwasclosetoHollywood.Spielbergwasdeterminedtomakemovies,andhemanagedtogetanunpaid,non-creditinternship(实习)inHollywood.Soonhewasgivenacontract,andhedroppedoutofcollege.Heneverlookedback.

    5.Now,manyyearslater,Spielbergisstilltellingstorieswithasmuchpassionasthekidinthetent.Askhimwherehegetshisideas,Spielbergshrugs.“Theprocessformeismostlyintuitive(凭直觉的),”hesays.“TherearefilmsthatIfeelIneedtomake,foravarietyofreasons,forpersonalreasons,forreasonsthatIwanttohavefun,thatthesubjectmatteriscool,thatIthinkmykidswilllikeit.AndsometimesIjustthinkthatitwillmakealotofmoney,likethesequel(续集)toJurassicPark.”

    Some of Spielberg’s most successful movies came from _______

    A.making children laugh

    B.almost everything

    C.a lot of money

    D.his childhood memories

    E.telling scary stories

    F.a number of reasons

  • 概括大意与完成句子:

    TheStoryteller

    1.StevenSpielberghasalwayshadonegoal:totellasmanygreatstoriestoasmanypeopleaswilllisten.Andthat’swhathehasalwaysbeenabout.Thesonofacomputerscientistandapianist,SpielbergspenthisearlychildhoodinNewJerseyand,later,Arizona.Fromtheverybeginning,hisfertileimaginationfilledhisyoungmindwithimagesthatwouldlaterinspirehisfilmmaking.

    2.Evendecadeslater,Spielbergsayshehasclearmemoriesofhisearliestyears,whicharetheoriginsofsomeofhisbiggesthits.HebelievesthatE.T.istheresultofthedifficultyearsleadinguptohisparent’s1966divorce,“Itisreallyaboutayoungboywhowasinsearchofsomestabilityinhislife.”“Hewasscaredofjustabouteverything,”recallshismother,LeahAdler.“Whentreesbrushedagainstthehouse,hewouldheadintomybed.Andthat’sjustthekindofscarystuffhewouldputinfilmslikePoltergeist.”

    3.Spielbergwas11whenhefirstgothishandsonhisdad’smoviecameraandbeganshootingshortflicksaboutflyingsaucersandWorldWarιιbattles.Spielberg’stalentforscarystorytellingenabledhimtomakefriends.OnBoyScoutcampingtrips,whennightfell,Spielbergbecamethecenterofattention.“Stevenwouldstarttellinghisghoststories,”saysRichardY.HoffmanJr.,leaderofTroop294,“andeveryonewouldsuddenlygetquietsothattheycouldallhearit.”

    4.SpielbergmovedtoCaliforniawithhisfatherandwenttohighschoolthere,buthisgradesweresobadthathebarelygraduated.BothUCLAandUSCfilmschoolsrejectedhim,soheenteredCaliforniaStateUniversityatLongBeachbecauseitwasclosetoHollywood.Spielbergwasdeterminedtomakemovies,andhemanagedtogetanunpaid,non-creditinternship(实习)inHollywood.Soonhewasgivenacontract,andhedroppedoutofcollege.Heneverlookedback.

    5.Now,manyyearslater,Spielbergisstilltellingstorieswithasmuchpassionasthekidinthetent.Askhimwherehegetshisideas,Spielbergshrugs.“Theprocessformeismostlyintuitive(凭直觉的),”hesays.“TherearefilmsthatIfeelIneedtomake,foravarietyofreasons,forpersonalreasons,forreasonsthatIwanttohavefun,thatthesubjectmatteriscool,thatIthinkmykidswilllikeit.AndsometimesIjustthinkthatitwillmakealotofmoney,likethesequel(续集)toJurassicPark.”

    When Spielberg was a boy, he used to be scared of ________。

    A.making children laugh

    B.almost everything

    C.a lot of money

    D.his childhood memories

    E.telling scary stories

    F.a number of reasons

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